Blood sugar control is at the center of any diabetes treatmentplan. High blood glucose, or hyperglycemia, is a major concern, and can affect individuals with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes ;.You can find two main kinds:
- Fasting hyperglycemia.This is blood glucose that’s more than 130 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) after not eating or drinking for at the very least 8 hours.
- Postprandial or after-meal hyperglycemia.This is blood glucose that’s more than 180 mg/dL 2 hours once you eat. People without diabetesrarely have blood glucose levels over 140 mg/dL after dinner, unless it is large.
Frequent or ongoing high blood sugar could cause harm to your nerves, blood vessels, and organs. Additionally it may cause other serious conditions. People with type 1 diabetes are prone to a build-up of acids in the blood called ketoacidosis.
In the event that you have type 2 diabetes or if you’re at risk because of it, extremely high blood glucose can cause a potentially deadly condition where your system can’t process sugar. It’s called hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS). You’ll pee more frequently initially, and then less often afterwards, however your urine could become dark and you can get severely dehydrated.
It’s important to take care of symptoms of high blood glucose straight away to greatly help prevent complications.CONTINUE READING BELOW
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Your blood glucose may rise in the event that you:
- Skip or forget your insulin or oral glucose-lowering medicine
- Eat a lot of grams of carbohydrates for the amount of insulin you took, or eat a lot of carbs generally speaking
- Have contamination
- Are ill
- Are under stress
- Become inactive or exercise significantly less than usual
- Take part in strenuous physical activity, especially when your glucose levels are high and insulin levels are low
Early signs include:
- Increased thirst
- Trouble concentrating
- Blurred vision
- Frequent peeing
- Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
- Weight reduction
- Blood sugar a lot more than 180 mg/dL
Ongoing high blood glucose could cause:
- Vaginal and skin infections
- Slow-healing cuts and sores
- Worse vision
- Nerve damage causing painful cold or insensitive feet, loss of hair on the lower extremities, or erectile dysfunction
- Stomach and intestinal problems such as chronic constipation or diarrhea
- Harm to your eyes, blood vessels, or kidneys
How Is It Treated?
In the event that you have diabetes and notice some of the early signs of high blood glucose, test your blood glucose and call the doctor. He might ask you for the results of several readings. He could recommend these changes:
Drink significantly more water. H20 helps remove excess sugar from your blood through urine, and it helps you avoid dehydration.
Exercise more. Exercising will help reduce your blood sugar. But under certain conditions, it can make blood glucose go even higher. Ask your doctor what sort of exercise is right for you.
Caution: In the event that you have type 1 diabetes and your blood glucose is high, you need to test your urine for ketones. When you have ketones, do NOT exercise. In the event that you have type 2 diabetes and your blood glucose is high, you should also make certain that you have no ketones in your urine and that you are well-hydrated. Then your doctor might give you the OK to exercise with caution as long as you’re feeling as much as it.
Change your eating habits. You may want to meet up with a dietitian to change the amount and types of foods you eat.
Switch medications. Your doctor may change the amount, timing, or kind of diabetes medications you take. Don’t make changes without talking to him first.
In the event that you have type 1 diabetes and your blood glucose is a lot more than 250 mg/dL, your doctor may want you to test your urine or blood for ketones.
Call your doctor if your blood glucose is running more than your treatment goals.
How to Prevent It
In the event that you work to help keep your blood glucose in order — follow your meal plan, exercise program, and medicine schedule — you shouldn’t need to be worried about hyperglycemia. You can even:
- Know your daily diet — count the full total levels of carbs in each meal and snack.
- Test your blood glucose regularly.
- Tell your doctor when you have repeated abnormal blood glucose readings.
- Wear medical identification to let people know you have diabetes in case of an emergency.